More than one million information technology employees are expected to continue to work from home even after the coronavirus-inflicted lockdown situation returns to normalcy, says IT industry veteran Senapathy (Kris) Gopalakrishnan.
The former President of the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) said the IT services industry has managed to transition people to work from home during the 'stay-at-home' period.
"And that was not a trivial task. A large number of people who have to be supported with technology infrastructure to work from home; business processes will have to be changed, with client permission," the Co-founder of IT services firm Infosys Ltd said.Also ReadCoronavirus: Infosys Foundation partners with Narayana Health City to open quarantine facility
"Now, I am told that 90 to 95 percent of people in many of the larger (IT) organisations are working out of home. And that transition has been smooth and done very, very quickly. They have figured that out and I think, this will now become part and parcel of the business continuity processing, planning in the future," Gopalakrishnan said.
The Chairman of early-stage startup accelerator and venture fund Axilor Ventures, also said that many of the smaller Indian startups have found that they are as effective working out of home, and are now wondering whether they require permanent office space at all.
"We (India's IT services companies) are not going back to business as usual," he said, adding, firms would do a rethink on the office space they would require, and "how we need to deliver services in the future."
Gopalakrishnan believes at least 20-30 percent of IT employees would continue to work from home even after the lockdown is lifted and the situation returns to normalcy.
That accounts for about 1.2 million people, he said, noting that four million professionals work in India's IT-Business Process Outsourcing sector as per industry body NASSCOM figures.
"Some companies will be a lot more aggressive (more people will work from home), the smaller the companies, lot more aggressive they will be so that they can save significantly in terms of rental costs."
The former CEO and Managing Director of Infosys said he does not see job losses in the IT sector, but "I don't see recruitment happening."
He indicated that salary cuts would happen in the IT sector.
"IT sector does not see large-scale layoffs, they manage to hold on to their employees but they don't recruit, they stop recruiting because growth is not there," he said.
He said a lot of people estimate that the impact of the coronavirus pandemic will be felt for 12 to 18 months which means that recruitment will be "nil or slow" for the one and half years.
"That's going to hurt people who passed out this year and maybe next year."
"Yes, that's one way you can actually avoid layoffs," he said on possible salary cuts. "Everybody takes a small salary cut. When the whole economy is in decline, we are going to see zero growth or muted GDP growth this year; so, that will have an impact on compensation and recruitment."
"Typically, in the past what has happened (in the IT industry) is at the lower levels there are no salary cuts, as we go up it will be five percent, ten percent, and at the top, it could be 20-25 percent, Gopalakrishnan said when asked about the possible range of salary cuts in the IT sector.
(Edited by Suman Singh)
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